国内外污染场地风险管控技术体系与模式研究进展
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X53

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国家重点研发计划项目(2020YFC1807500)资助


Advancement in Researches on Technical Systems and Modes for Risk Management and Control of Contaminated Sites at Home and Aborad
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the National Key R&D Program of China(2020YFC1807500)

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    摘要:

    以风险管理为基本原则的污染场地可持续治理修复及安全利用已成为全球范围内一个紧迫的环境和发展问题。为促进快速、经济、有效的风险管控技术在我国土壤污染防治初期阶段的广阔应用,本文在明确污染场地风险管控广义和狭义内涵属性的基础上,系统阐述了工程控制、制度控制和监测自然衰减等狭义风险管控技术的技术原理、工程应用和适用条件,剖析英美等发达国家风险管控体系并结合我国土壤环境管理实际建立技术体系和政策体系支撑下的风险管控模式,最后针对我国污染场地风险管理基础薄弱、风险管控体系不健全和风险管控技术支撑不足等问题,提出基于绿色可持续理念和全生命周期管理理论的“防、控、治、管”四位一体的污染场地风险管控总体布局,对于推动我国风险管控技术应用和提高场地风险管理水平具有重要的现实意义。

    Abstract:

    With risk management as basic principle, sustainable remediation and safe utilization of contaminated sites has become an urgent environmental and developmental issue worldwide. To promote the application of rapid, economical and effective risk management and control technologies at the early stage of the soil pollution prevention and control drive in China, while specifying attributes of the broad and narrow connotations of risk management and control of contaminated sites, the paper elaborated systematically the technical theory, engineering implementation and applicable conditions of the risk management technologies in narrow connotation, including engineering control, institutional control and monitored natural attenuation, analyzed the risk management and control systems in developed countries, with reference to the risk management and control mode supported by the technical system and policy system established on the reality of the soil environmental management in China. In the end, aiming at the problems of weak foundation, unsound system and insufficient technical support of the risk management and control system in China, the authors put forth an overall layout of "prevention-control-remediation-management" for risk management and control of contaminated sites in consistence with the idea of green sustainability and the theory of life cycle management, which is expected to be of great practical significance to promotion of application of the technology and improvement of the risk management level.

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李笑诺,陈卫平,吕斯丹.国内外污染场地风险管控技术体系与模式研究进展[J].土壤学报,2022,59(1):38-53. DOI:10.11766/trxb202010120569 LI Xiaonuo, CHEN Weiping, Lü Sidan. Advancement in Researches on Technical Systems and Modes for Risk Management and Control of Contaminated Sites at Home and Aborad[J]. Acta Pedologica Sinica,2022,59(1):38-53.

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