引用本文:武 敬,王一明,林先贵.废水中紫色光养细菌产胞外多糖性能比较及高产菌株特性研究[J].土壤学报,2014,51(6):1325-1331.
Wu Jing,Wang Yiming,Lin Xiangui.Comparison between purple phototrophic bacteria in exopolysaccharide-producing performance in wastewater and characterization of high-yield strain[J].Acta Pedologica Sinica,2014,51(6):1325-1331
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废水中紫色光养细菌产胞外多糖性能比较及高产菌株特性研究
武 敬1,2, 王一明1,2, 林先贵2
1.中国科学院大学;2.中国科学院南京土壤研究所土壤与农业可持续发展国家重点实验室
摘要:
利用废水生产胞外多糖是一种既能实现废水处理又能达到废水资源化的双赢方法,也是目前胞外多糖研究的热点。为得到能在废水中高产胞外多糖的紫色光养细菌(Purple Phototrophic Bacteria, PPB)菌株,本研究首先以化学合成培养基和不同比例豆制品废水和玉米淀粉废水混合培养基培养11株PPB,提取并测定其胞外多糖,结果发现不同菌株产胞外多糖能力不同,且有机废水较化学合成培养基更有利于菌株分泌胞外多糖。经两轮筛选得到一株产胞外多糖能力较高的菌株J4,高产培养基为豆制品废水,胞外多糖含量高达140 mg g-1菌体干重。且J4在豆制品废水中的生长试验表明,菌株J4不仅降低了废水的化学需氧量COD ( > 90%),同时分泌大量胞外多糖。通过Sephadex G-50柱层析结果发现该胞外多糖的分子量较大,具有一定的研究价值。综上,本试验获得了高产菌株J4,同时发现利用有机废水能够得到大量的PPB胞外多糖,为获得低价的多糖材料提供了一定依据。
关键词:  豆制品废水  玉米淀粉废水  柱层析  扫描电镜
DOI:10.11766/trxb201309040396
分类号:
基金项目:国家“十二五”科技支撑计划(2013BAD11B01)、中国科学院战略性先导科技专项 (XDA05020803)和国家农业部“948”项目(2011-G15)资助
Comparison between purple phototrophic bacteria in exopolysaccharide-producing performance in wastewater and characterization of high-yield strain
Wu Jing1,2, Wang Yiming2, Lin Xiangui2
1.University of Chinese Academy of Sciences;2.State Key Laboratory of Soil and Sustainable Agriculture, Institute of Soil Science, Chinese Academy of Sciences
Abstract:
Production of exopolysaccharide (EPS) using wastewater is an optimal approach to treating wastewater by turning it into resource and hence a hot pot in the study of EPS. To screen out a high-EPS-producing strain of Purple Phototrophic Bacteria (PPB), an in-lab experiment was carried out cultivating 11 strains of PPB in a kind of chemically composed medium and media of organic wasterwater composed of wastewaters from soybean-prosessing and corn starch production at different ratios, separately. In the end of the experiment, the media were analyzed for extraction of EPS and for comparison. Results show that the strains of PPB varied in EPS producing capacity and that organic wastewater was more conducive to EPS production than the chemical medium. After two cycles of comparison, Strain J4 was screened out to be the highest- EPS-producing strain. In the wastewater from soybean processing, Strain J4 produced as high as 140 mg g-1 cell dry weight of EPS and as a result, it reduced wastewater COD by over 90%. The analysis with Sephadex G-50 chromatography shows that the EPS produced by J4 is high in molecular weight and has a certain research value. To sum up, through the cultivation experiment, a strain of high-EPS-producing PPB, J4 was obtained, and was proved to be able to produce large volumes of EPS by organic wastewater, which could be used as a basis for finding and producing cheap polysaccharide materials.
Key words:  Wastewater from soybean-processing  Wastewater from production of corn starch  Chromatography  SEM