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土壤水分反演的特征变量选择研究综述
王俊霞1, 潘耀忠2, 朱秀芳1, 孙章丽1
1.北京师范大学地表过程与资源生态国家重点实验室;2.北京师范大学环境演变与自然灾害教育部重点实验室
摘要:
土壤水分是水、能量和生物地球化学循环中不可忽略的组成部分,土壤水分信息对水资源管理、农业生产以及气候变化等相关研究有着重要意义。基于遥感数据的土壤水分反演算法是获取土壤水分信息的重要手段,通过对影响土壤水分反演的因素进行梳理,将影响因素抽象为包括土壤特征,植被特征,以及气象特征在内的特征变量,并以此为主线对土壤水分的反演研究进行回顾与梳理。分析了利用不同特征变量反演土壤水分时存在的问题和发展趋势,指出土壤水分反演过程中存在特征变量理论研究不足、综合应用不深的问题,强调耦合使用各类特征变量以提高水分反演精度是未来的研究热点。
关键词:  特征变量  土壤水分  反演  遥感
DOI:10.11766/trxb201803090579
分类号:
基金项目:国家自然科学基金项目(41401479)、地表过程与资源生态国家重点实验室资助项目、国家“高分辨率对地观测系统”重大专项
A Review of Researches on Inversion of Eigenvariance of Soil Water
WANG Junxia1, PAN Yaozhong2, ZHU Xiufang1, SUN Zhangli1
1.State Key Laboratory of Earth Surface Processes and Resource Ecology, Beijing Normal University;2.Key Laboratory of Environment Change and Natural Disaster, MOE, Beijing Normal University
Abstract:
Soil moisture is an integral part of the water, energy and biogeochemical cycle. The information about soil moisture is of great significance to researches on water resources management, agricultural production and climate change. Soil moisture monitoring can be divided into three categories in light of data acquisition method: direct measurement at monitoring sites, simulation and assimilation of soil moisture, and inversion based on remote-sensing data. The remote sensing technology features large-scale synchronous observation, covering a range that is not limited by the distribution of ground stations. Then the remote-sensing data based inversion algorithm of soil moisture is an important means of obtaining soil moisture information. However, as soil moisture is strongly influenced by a variety of factors, such as soil properties, surface coverage and meteorological conditions, it is high in spatial heterogeneity. So, it is very difficult to derive large-scales high quality soil moisture data just based on inversion with a single method or single data source. In this paper, factors affecting the inversion of soil moisture were collated, four synthetic multi-featured models for soil moisture inversion were summarized, and existing problems and developmental trends of the inversion processes analyzed. The eigenvariances currently used in soil moisture inversion can be generally sorted into three categories: soil, vegetation and meteorological characteristics. Soil characteristics can be further divided into soil optical reflectance, thermal infrared, microwave brightness and temperature and microwave backlash scattering coefficient, and vegetation characteristics into vegetation optical reflectance and thermal infrared, while meteorological characteristics include rainfall, wind speed, and evapotranspiration and so on. In this paper, synthetic models for mult-featured eigenvariance inversion of soil moisture were summarized, that is, Temperature Vegetation Soil Moisture Dryness Index model (TVMDI), partition statistics model, benchmark value plus variation model, and artificial neural network model. TVMDI is a cubic model based on land surface temperature, vertical vegetation index and soil moisture, and its use enhances correlativity of prediction with measured value. The partition statistics model is to choose an optimal model for each region for inversion, through analyzing types of land cover. The benchmark value plus variation model is to divide the variation of soil moisture during a specified observation period into benchmark value and variation. The former represents the bottom of soil moisture during that period, and the latter depends on precipitation, evapotranspiration and some other meteorological factors, while integrating remote-sensing meteorological information. The artificial neural network model integrate multi-featured eigenvarianes into soil moisture inversion. The analysis of existing problems in and developmental trend of the use of eigenvariance in soil moisture inversion process indicates that the research on adoption of the theory of eigenvariance in soil moisture inversion is insufficient and comprehensive application of the theory is not deep enough, and stresses that coupled application of various ergenvariances may improve accuracy of soil moisture inversion, which is the hot spot of future researches.
Key words:  Features Variables  Soil Moisture  Remote Sensing  Inversion