Supported by the ”3-New” Agriculture Project of Jiangsu Province (No. SXGC291), Jiangsu Independent Innovation Program of Agricultural Science and Technology (No. CX(15)1044) and SRT Project of Nanjing Agricultural University (No. 1513A12)
为了探讨保水缓释肥对作物生长的调控，以“盐稻12号”为材料，研究了不同配比（1%、2%和4%）的盐碱地保水缓释肥（ZL 2012 1 0400570.0）对盐胁迫20、40、80 d水稻幼苗植株形态、根系发育、干重、叶绿素含量、气体交换参数和水分利用效率的影响。结果表明：无论是低盐还是高盐处理下，随着肥料施用配比的增加，植株长势逐渐增强，总根长、根体积、根表面积、根尖数、植株干重均显著上升，尤其在4%肥料施用下这些促进效果尤为明显；随着肥料施用配比的增加，叶片叶绿素含量、气体交换各参数、水分利用效率等均逐渐上升，而气孔限制值显著下降。综上所述，该盐碱地保水缓释肥明显增强水稻幼苗的耐盐性，主要与其能促进盐胁迫下根系生长，提高叶绿素含量，改善气孔限制，促进植株的光合作用并提高水分利用效率有关。
Fertilizer, especially chemical fertilizer, contributes significantly to the production of modern agriculture. However, in recent years, fertilizer consumption has been increasing exponentially throughout the world, and as a result, causing a series of serious environmental problems. The use of water retaining slowly-release fertilizer (WRSRF) is a promising approach to improving the utilization of water resources and fertilizer nutrients, and pursuing sustainable development of the environment and agriculture. Some fertilizers can also be used to alleviate salt stress of crop plants, such as urea, manure, etc. however, little has been reported on application of water retaining slowly-release fertilizer to plants under salt stress. To fill the gas, a pot experiment was conducted to evaluate effects of WRSRF (ZL 2012 1 0400570.0) on plant morphology, root development, plant dry weight, leaf chlorophyll content, gas exchange parameters and water use efficiency (WUE) of rice seedlings under salt stress for 20, 40 and 80 d, separately. Rice seeds were sown in pots filled with natural soil, 2.68 g kg-1 in salinity. Twenty days later, half of the pots were amended with sodium chloride (NaCl) through irrigation to make 2.0 g kg-1 in salinity. WRSRF was applied at 0, 1, 2 and 4 g kg-1, separately to the pots. Results showed that: (1) growth of the rice seedlings applied with WRSRF increased with application rate of the fertilizer regardless of salt stress; (2) total root length, root surface area, root volume and number of root tips were all increased as EPSON scanning reveals, particularly in the treatment applied with WRSRF at 4% and the increase was especially significant in root surface area and root volume; (3) WRSRF application increased dry weight of the rice plants under salt stress, and the effect was more significant when WRSRF was higher in application rate. However, the stimulation effect was more obvious on roots than on shoots; (4) the fertilizer application increased leaf chlorophyll content of the plants under salt stress, and the increase was getting more significant with the experiment going on. However, the increase effect on chlorophyll content in plants under high salt stress was more obvious than that in plants under low salt stress; and (5) application of water retaining and slowly-release fertilizer promoted net photosynthetic rate (Pn), stomatal conductance (Gs), intercellular carbon dioxide concentration (Ci), transpiration rate (Tr) and WUE, and these effects became more significant with increasing WRSFR rate, especially on Pn. However, application of the fertilizer decreased stomatal limitation values (Ls) of the plants, and the decrease became more significant with increasing fertilization rate. To sum up, application of the water retaining and slowly-release fertilizer (ZL 2012 1 0400570.0) may improve salt tolerance of rice seedlings significantly, which may be attributed to its effects on root growth, content of leaf chlorophyll, photosynthesis and WUE.
孙志国,刘 冉,吴 昊,赵海燕,赛比热·安乃瓦,郑青松,罗朝晖,管永祥.保水缓释肥对盐胁迫下水稻生长和光合特性的调控[J].土壤学报,2016,53(3):757-767. DOI:10.11766/trxb201509100385 SUN Zhiguo, LIU Ran, WU Hao, ZHAO Haiyan, SAIBIRE Annaiwa, ZHENG Qingsong, LUO Zhaohui, GUAN Yongxiang. Regulation of Water Retaining Slowly-Release Fertilizer on Growth and Photosynthesis of Rice under Salt Stress[J]. Acta Pedologica Sinica,2016,53(3):757-767.复制