绿色智能肥料:从原理创新到产业化实现
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S14

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云南省科技厅项目"云南现代农业绿色技术创新平台(2021090053)"、云天化股份有限公司项目"绿色智能坚果专用复合肥产品开发及应用(YTH-4320-WB-FW-2021-031303-00)"和北京高校高精尖学科建设项目共同资助


Green Intelligent Fertilizer: From Interdisciplinary Innovation to Industrialization Realization
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    摘要:

    肥料作为粮食安全的物质基础,在支撑我国粮食产量、农产品品质、人类营养健康等方面发挥了至关重要的作用。迈入新时代,在全国社会经济特别是工农业绿色转型的大好形势下,肥料创新面临着协同实现粮食安全、资源高效、环境友好、营养健康、绿色低碳的巨大挑战。为破解这一重大难题,本文提出了绿色智能肥料概念与产业化途径,通过系统阐述土壤-植物-微生物-肥料-环境之间的协同原理,构建了匹配土壤、匹配作物、匹配气候环境条件的绿色智能肥料创制新学术思路,提出了绿色智能肥料的理论框架、关键科学问题、研发路径以及未来突破的重点,为多学科交叉创新、工农融合全产业链绿色发展的解决方案设计与实现提供借鉴,旨在推动我国化肥产业绿色转型升级,支撑农业绿色发展。

    Abstract:

    As the material basis of food security, fertilizer plays an important role in supporting grain yield, agricultural product quality and human nutrition and health. Stepping into the new era, under the great situation of the national social economy, especially the green transformation of industry and agriculture, fertilizer innovation is facing the great challenge of synergistic realization of multiple objectives including food security, resource efficiency, environmental friendliness, nutrition and health, green and low carbon. In order to solve this major problem, the concept and industrialization pathway of green intelligent fertilizer were put forward in this paper. Through systematically elaborating the interactive principle of soil, plant, microorganism, fertilizer and environment, this study put forward a new academic idea for creating green intelligent fertilizer that matches soil, crops and climate and environmental conditions, and proposed its theoretical framework, key scientific issues, research and development pathways and future breakthroughs of green intelligent fertilizer. This study can provide new insights and reference for the design and implementation of holistic solutions for the green development of the whole industrial chain of multi-disciplinary cross-innovation and integration of industry and agriculture, aiming at promoting the green transformation and upgrading of China's chemical fertilizer industry and ultimately supporting the green development of agriculture.

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张福锁,申建波,危常州,马文奇,张卫峰,黄成东,吕阳,张林,鲁振亚,营浩,程凌云,江荣风,屈凌波,侯翠红,王辛龙,修学峰,马航.绿色智能肥料:从原理创新到产业化实现[J].土壤学报,2022,59(4):873-887. DOI:10.11766/trxb202203290145 ZHANG Fusuo, SHEN Jianbo, WEI Changzhou, MA Wenqi, ZHANG Weifeng, HUANG Chengdong, Lü Yang, ZHANG Lin, LU Zhenya, YING Hao, CHENG Lingyun, JIANG Rongfeng, QU Lingbo, HOU Cuihong, WANG Xinlong, XIU Xuefeng, MA Hang. Green Intelligent Fertilizer: From Interdisciplinary Innovation to Industrialization Realization[J]. Acta Pedologica Sinica,2022,59(4):873-887.

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