1.State Key Laboratory of Subtropical Silviculture, College of Environment and Resources, Zhejiang A&F University;2.Jiande Foresty Bureau of Zhejiang
Supported by the National Natural Science Foundation of China (Nos. 31971631 and 41977083)
马尾松林（Pinus massoniana Lamb.）是典型的外生菌根（ectomycorrhiza, ECM）优势林，但是近年来受到松材线虫病的影响，生态服务功能下降，逐渐被丛枝菌根（arbuscular mycorrhiza, AM）占优势的阔叶林所替代，但亚热带地区马尾松林转变为阔叶林过程中，优势菌根类型的改变对土壤有机碳积累的影响仍不清楚。以建德市马尾松林和阔叶林为研究对象，通过高效液相色谱和中性脂肪酸、磷脂脂肪酸等技术，测定优势菌根真菌生物量、球囊霉素相关土壤蛋白（GRSP）含量以及土壤胞外酶活性和微生物群落特征。结果表明：AM真菌占优势的阔叶林（AMD）取代ECM真菌占优势的马尾松林（ECMD），土壤有机碳显著提高了36.81%，微生物碳利用效率（CUE）显著提高了53.85%，AM真菌生物量提高了25.57%，ECM真菌生物量下降45.04%，并且ECM真菌占优势的马尾松林受到更严重的氮限制。磷脂脂肪酸分析显示，相比于AM真菌占优势的阔叶林，ECM真菌占优势的马尾松林革兰氏阳性细菌（G+）以及革兰氏阳性与阴性细菌之比（G+/G-）分别显著下降了21.47%和6.46%。冗余分析（redundancy analysis, RDA）结果表明，AM真菌占优势和ECM真菌占优势的森林之间土壤微生物群落结构存在显著差异（P<0.05），其中AM真菌生物量和土壤有机碳与微生物群落结构变异显著相关。GRSP含量下降以及不同类型菌根真菌招募微生物类群不同是导致ECM真菌占优势森林土壤有机碳下降的重要原因。因此，亚热带地区马尾松林被阔叶林替代后增加森林土壤有机碳含量，提高森林碳汇功能。
【Objective】Masson pine forest（Pinus massoniana Lamb.）is a typical ectomycorrhizal (ECM) dominant forest. However, in recent years, the ecological service function of the Masson pine forest decreased due to pine wood nematode disease, and the Masson pine forest was gradually replaced by an Arbuscular mycorrhizal (AM) dominant broadleaved forest. However, it remains unclear what influence could be exerted by the changes of dominant mycorrhizal types on soil organic carbon accumulation during the conversion of Masson pine forest to broadleaf forest in the subtropical region.【Method】In this study, the biomass of ECM fungi and AM fungi were determined by high-performance liquid chromatography (HPLC) and neutral lipid fatty acids (NLFA), respectively. At the same time, phospholipid fatty acids (PLFAs) technology was used to study the characteristics of the microbial community. The content of glomalin-related soil protein (GRSP) and the activities of soil extracellular enzymes was also determined in Masson pine and broadleaved forests in Jiande County, Zhejiang Province.【Result】The results showed that: AM fungi-dominated (AMD) broadleaved forest replaced ECM fungi-dominated (ECMD) Masson pine forest, soil organic carbon in AM fungi dominated broadleaved forest was significantly enhanced by 36.81%, microbial carbon use efficiency (CUE) significantly increased by 53.85%, and AM fungal biomass significantly increased by 25.57%. Moreover, compared with ECM fungi-dominated forests, the biomass of ECM fungi in AM fungi-dominated forests decreased significantly by 45.04%. The Masson pine forest, which was dominated by ECM fungi, was subjected to more severe microbial nitrogen limitation. Phospholipid fatty acids analysis showed that the gram-positive bacteria (G+) and the ratio of gram-positive bacteria to gram-negative bacteria (G+/G-) in Masson pine forest dominated by ECM fungi compared with the broadleaved forest dominated by AM fungi were significantly decreased by 21.47% and 6.46%, respectively. Redundancy analysis (RDA) results showed that there were significant differences in microbial community structure between forests dominated by AM fungi and ECM fungi (P<0.05), in which AM fungal biomass (R2=0.48, P=0.002) and soil organic carbon content (R2=0.47, P=0.003) were significantly correlated with the variation of microbial community structure (P<0.05).【Conclusion】The decrease of GRSP and the different recruit of microbial groups by different mycorrhizal fungi types were important reasons for the reduction of soil organic carbon content in forests dominated by ECM fungi compared to AM fungi dominated forests. Therefore, the substitution of broadleaved forest for Masson pine forest in the subtropical region increased the content of forest soil organic carbon and improved the function of the forest carbon sink.
TU Jiaying, JIN Wenhao, SHENG Weixing, XING Jiajia, PENG Liyuan, CHEN Junhui, XU Qiufang, QIN Hua. The Change in Dominant Mycorrhizal Fungi Type Induced by Stand Transformation Affects Soil Organic Carbon Accumulation[J]. Acta Pedologica Sinica, DOI:10.11766/trxb202206210271,[In Press]