Soil temperature(especially surface temperature)is a key physical quantity in the interaction between land and atmosphere, and plays a very important role in the earth system. Soil temperature prediction technology has always been the core scientific problem in land surface model, numerical weather prediction and climate prediction. This paper systematically reviews the research progress of soil temperature prediction equation, from the classical heat conduction equation to the heat conduction convection equation that takes into account the physical process of vertical movement of soil moisture, from the single sine wave approximation to the Fourier series approximation of the daily change of surface temperature, from the assumption that the diurnal change of convection parameters is constant to the consideration of its diurnal change, and emphatically summarizes the creation, improvement and solution of the soil heat conduction convection equation. Finally, this paper reviews the application of heat conduction convection equation in the study of surface energy balance, vertical movement of soil moisture, water flux, earthquake and frozen soil heat transfer. At the same time, it is pointed out that the influences of soil water phases and plant roots on the heat conduction-convection equation is warranted for the future research of soil temperature prediction equation.
张建彬,高志球,童兵,王琳琳.土壤温度预报方程研究进展[J].土壤学报,2023,60(3):599-609. DOI:10.11766/trxb202210220581 ZHANG Jianbin, GAO Zhiqiu, TONG Bing, WANG Linlin. Progress of Soil Temperature Prediction Equation[J]. Acta Pedologica Sinica,2023,60(3):599-609.复制