叶面喷施山梨醇螯合钾对花生产量及根际土壤微生物群落的影响
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青岛大学环境科学与工程学院

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国家自然科学基金项目(31972516)与山东省重点研发计划项目(2017GNC11116)共同资助


Effects of Foliar Spraying of Sorbitol Chelated Potassium on Peanut Yield and Rhizosphere Soil Microbial Community
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School of Environmental Science and Engineering, Qingdao University

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Supported by the National Natural Science Foundation of China (No. 31972516) and the Key Research and Development Program of Shandong Province, China (No. 2017GNC11116)

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    摘要:

    中国农用钾肥严重依赖进口,通过改变钾元素的存在形态进一步提高钾的利用效率,具有重要现实意义。以花生(品种为花育22)为供试作物,2020—2021年连续进行了两季大田试验,采用完全随机区组设计,考察自由离子态钾(无机盐钾)与山梨醇螯合态钾对花生产量、干物质积累量、钾积累量以及花生根际土壤细菌群落结构的影响。在常规施肥基础上进行花生不同生育期喷施试验,设置清水对照(CK)、无机钾(IK)、山梨醇混合无机钾(MK)、山梨醇螯合钾(SK,自制)和市售螯合钾(LK,国外产品)5个处理。结果表明,叶面追施钾肥可显著提高花生产量,与IK或LK处理相比,SK处理两年平均增产率分别提高18.9%、14.97%,产量构成要素百仁重、百果重、饱果率均得到显著提升;山梨醇螯合钾处理的花生植株干物质积累量、钾积累量均得到显著提高,说明自制山梨醇螯合钾能够促进钾营养元素在植株中的分配。与其他处理相比,山梨醇螯合钾处理增加了花生根际土壤微生物多样性与丰富度。相关性分析表明,产量的增加与钾元素吸收、分配及根际微生物变化显著相关。综上,在相同的施钾水平上,与无机盐钾形态相比,山梨醇螯合钾更能促进花生植株对钾素的吸收和积累,综合表现为产量的增加。该研究结果可为提高钾肥利用效率提供理论及实际参考。

    Abstract:

    【Objective】China depends heavily on agricultural potassium fertilizer imported from abroad. Thus, it is important to improve potassium utilization efficiency by changing the existing forms of potassium.【Method】In this paper, a two-year field trial (in 2020 and 2021) was set up using Virginia-type peanut Huayu 22 to investigate the effects of inorganic potassium (free ionic state) and sorbitol chelated potassium on peanut yield, dry matter accumulation, potassium accumulation, and bacterial community structure in peanut rhizosphere soil by a completely randomized block design. Under the premise of conventional fertilization, peanut spraying experiments were carried out at different growth stages and with five treatments: CK, water control; IK, inorganic potassium; MK, sorbitol mixed inorganic potassium; SK, sorbitol chelated potassium ( self-made); and LK, commercially available chelated potassium (Canada).【Result】The results showed that foliar topdressing potassium fertilizer on leaves could significantly increase the peanut yield. Compared with the treatment of IK or LK treatments, the two-year average yield of SK treatments increased by 18.9% and 14.97%, respectively. The yield components of 100-seed weight, 100-pod weight, and full fruit rate were all significantly improved. Also, the dry matter accumulation and potassium accumulation of peanut plants treated with sorbitol-chelated potassium were significantly increased. Compared with CK, IK, and LK treatments, the total dry matter of peanut plants treated with SK increased by 19.5%, 19.1%, and 15.7% in the stage of the full pod, and increased by 22.8%, 27.4%, and 11.7% at the mature stage, respectively. Potassium accumulation in peanut kernels increased by 30.6%, 49.8% and, 44.8% in the stage of full pod, and increased by 30.8%, 59.1%, and 10.8% at the mature stage, respectively. The above results showed that self-made sorbitol-chelated potassium could promote the absorption and distribution of potassium nutrients in plants. Furthermore, the microbial diversity and richness of peanut rhizosphere soil increased under SK treatment compared with the other treatments. Compared with CK, MK, and LK treatments, the Sobs index of microbial communities in SK treatment increased by 10.7%, 12.5%, and 10.7%, respectively. The species significantly enriched in SK treatment were p-Verrucomicrobiota_g-Roseimicrobium and p-Planctomycetota_c-vadinHA49. The correlation analysis showed that the increase in production was significantly related to the absorption and distribution of potassium and the changes in rhizosphere microorganisms.【Conclusion】In summary, compared with inorganic potassium form, sorbitol-chelated potassium could promote the absorption and accumulation of potassium in peanuts at the same potassium application level, which is comprehensively reflected in production. The research results could provide theoretical and practical references for improving potassium efficiency.

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孙伟,张欢洋,魏倩倩,曾凡鹤,李腾升,赵立,韩传浩,张静,张子琪,石祥,颜冬云.叶面喷施山梨醇螯合钾对花生产量及根际土壤微生物群落的影响[J].土壤学报,DOI:10.11766/trxb202301030003,[待发表]
SUN Wei, ZHANG Huanyang, WEI Qianqian, ZENG Fanhe, LI Tengsheng, ZHAO Li, HAN Chuanhao, ZHANG Jing, ZHANG Ziqi, SHI Xiang, YAN Dongyun. Effects of Foliar Spraying of Sorbitol Chelated Potassium on Peanut Yield and Rhizosphere Soil Microbial Community[J]. Acta Pedologica Sinica, DOI:10.11766/trxb202301030003,[In Press]

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  • 收稿日期:2023-01-03
  • 最后修改日期:2023-08-15
  • 录用日期:2023-11-01
  • 在线发布日期: 2023-11-13
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