引用本文:陈珠琳,王雪峰.基于可见光光谱的檀香图像分割与植株全铁含量预测[J].土壤学报,2018,55(5):1212-1221.
CHEN ZhuLin,WANG XueFeng.Visible Light Spectrum Based Segmentation of Sandalwood Image and Prediction of Total Iron Content in Plant[J].Acta Pedologica Sinica,2018,55(5):1212-1221
【打印本页】   【HTML】   【下载PDF全文】   查看/发表评论  【EndNote】   【RefMan】   【BibTex】
←前一篇|后一篇→ 过刊浏览    高级检索
本文已被:浏览 225次   下载 291 本文二维码信息
码上扫一扫!
分享到: 微信 更多
基于可见光光谱的檀香图像分割与植株全铁含量预测
陈珠琳,王雪峰
中国林业科学研究院资源信息研究所,中国林业科学研究院资源信息研究所
摘要:
为探究珍贵树种微量元素的精准施肥,提出了一种基于可见光的檀香全铁含量预测方法。通过将亮度色彩颜色(Lab)系统中的亮度分量(L)和颜色分量(b)与大津法、中值滤波、形态学运算相结合的方法,实现林内檀香分割,本方法结果优于支持向量机法分割效果,像素误差在5%之内,颜色误差在3%之内;对分割后的檀香光谱值与全铁含量进行分析得到,叶片全铁含量的最佳值在250~300 mg kg-1之间,低于和高于该区间均会造成叶片失绿;当新叶与老叶光谱值之比作为输入因子时得到的结果最佳,而使用整体光谱值得到的结果最差;寻优算法对结果的增强能力要优于迭代增强,其中,遗传算法结果最佳,说明合适的初始值与阈值对网络预测能力的提高更明显。本研究结果对珍贵树种微量元素的营养诊断具有指导意义,为精准林业提供了一种思路。
关键词:  全铁  营养诊断  图像分割  可见光光谱  优化算法
DOI:10.11766/trxb201803160003
分类号:
基金项目:国家自然科学基金项目((31670642)和林业科学技术推广项目([2016]11号)资助
Visible Light Spectrum Based Segmentation of Sandalwood Image and Prediction of Total Iron Content in Plant
CHEN ZhuLin and WANG XueFeng
Research Institute of Forest Resource Information Techniques in Chinese Academy of Forestry,Research Institute of Forest Resource Information Techniques in Chinese Academy of Forestry
Abstract:
【Objective】To explore relationship between color of sandalwood leaves and content of total iron in the plant, a visible-light-spectrum-based sandalwood image segmentation method was bought forth for prediction of content of total iron in the plant.【Method】 First of all, Otsu’s method was used to remove the pigments of soil and the other green plants, by segmenting Channel b, and then Channel L was extracted, and again Otsu’s method was used to extract the image of sandalwood out of its background. Then burrs of the image were smoothened through median filtering and morphological operation. Based on the fact that new and old leaves varied differently in color under iron stress, a method for determination of new and old leaf ratio was developed. First, the minimum circumcircle of the segmented sandalwood was to be defined, and then calculation was done of the ratio of the canopy breadth measured last time to that measured this time, and then the ratio was multiplied by the radius of the minimum circumcircle to gain radius of the concentric circle. The ring part between the two concentric circles represented new leaves and the rest old leaves. Color value of each channel (R, G, B, H, S, I, L, a and b) was calculated. Then four groups of comparison were designed (spectral value of the whole plant, spectral value of new leaves, ratio of the spectral values of new leaves and the whole plant, and ratio of spectral values of new leaves and old leaves). And in the end, predictions of the content of total iron were analyzed using the BP neural network modified with different methods.【Results】(1) The segmentation algorithm proposed in this paper is better than the support vector machine in result, with pixel error ranging within 5%, and the errors of all RGB channels controlled within 3%. (2) The optimum content of total iron in sandalwood leaves varies between 250~300 mg kg-1. When the content of total iron in leaves is less than the optimum value, the color value of Channel G increases while that of Channels R and B decrease with rising content of total iron. But when the content of total iron in leaves gets beyond the optimum value, the trend goes reversely, which indicates that being either too high or too low iron content would be a factor causing chlorosis in leaves. (3) Comparison shows that the prediction based on the ratio of spectral values of new leaves and old leaves is the best, while that based on the spectral value of the whole plant, the worst, which indicates that the method, proposed in this study, of comparing new and old leaves in spectral value is the most effective one, reflecting the content of total iron in the plant. And (4) In terms of efficiency and effectiveness, the four kinds of neural network models exhibits an order of GA-BPNN > PSO-BPNN > BPNN-Adaboost > BPNN, which indicates that optimization is better than the iteration, and that appropriate initial value and threshold value have more influence on prediction ability of the neural network models .【Conclusion】All the findings of this research have a guiding significance for nutritional diagnosis of precious tree species in terms of micro-elements, and provide a new way of thinking for precision forestry.
Key words:  Total iron  Nutritional diagnosis  Image segmentation  Visible light spectrum  Optimization algorithm