引用本文:朱 濛,骆永明,杨如意,周守标.土壤—水环境中二苯砷酸污染及其修复研究进展[J].土壤学报,2019,56(2):276-287.
ZHU Meng,LUO Yongming,YANG Ruyi,ZHOU Shoubiao.Progress in Researches on Diphenylarsinic Acid Pollution of Soil-water Environment and Its Remediation[J].Acta Pedologica Sinica,2019,56(2):276-287
【打印本页】   【HTML】   【下载PDF全文】   查看/发表评论  【EndNote】   【RefMan】   【BibTex】
←前一篇|后一篇→ 过刊浏览    高级检索
本文已被:浏览 234次   下载 283 本文二维码信息
码上扫一扫!
分享到: 微信 更多
土壤—水环境中二苯砷酸污染及其修复研究进展
朱濛,骆永明,杨如意,周守标
安徽师范大学,中科院南京土壤研究所,安徽师范大学,安徽师范大学
摘要:
化学武器残留的二苯砷酸(Diphenylarsinic acid,DPAA)引起的土壤—水环境砷污染事件近年来受到广泛关注。国内外学者对土壤—水环境中DPAA的分析方法、污染状况、迁移转化和修复技术等的研究已取得一定进展。鉴于DPAA污染问题的严峻性和污染修复的迫切性,本文通过系统调研并结合笔者的研究工作,综述了土壤-水环境中DPAA分析方法、来源及污染状况的研究进展,探讨了DPAA吸附/解吸、迁移、转化过程及其关键影响因素和作用机制,阐述了对其污染的物理/化学、生物学修复机理研究;认为建立DPAA污染数据库,开展宏观及微观尺度上DPAA环境行为特征的研究,并系统构建DPAA污染的修复技术方法体系将是该领域今后研究的重点。同时,展望了未来的研究方向,旨在为促进土壤-水环境中DPAA污染及其修复的深入研究、有效降低DPAA的环境健康风险提供理论参考。
关键词:  二苯砷酸  土壤—水环境污染  提取检测  吸附/解吸  迁移转化  物化/生物修复
DOI:10.11766/trxb201806070306
分类号:
基金项目:国家自然科学基金项目(41230858)、安徽高校省级自然科学研究重点项目(KJ2018A0315)和安徽师范大学博士科研启动基金项目(2018XJJ50)
Progress in Researches on Diphenylarsinic Acid Pollution of Soil-water Environment and Its Remediation
Zhu Meng,Luo Yongming,Yang Ruyi and Zhou Shoubiao
Anhui Normal University,Institute of Soil Science, Chinese Academy of Science,Anhui Normal University,Anhui Normal University
Abstract:
Chemical warfare agents containing organoarsenic compounds such as Clark I (diphenylcyanoarsine) and Clark II (diphenylchloroarsine) were widely produced and used during World Wars I and II. After the wars, remains of these agents were simply dumped into the sea or buried underground, thus inevitably polluting the soil-water environments of the sits where they were disposed with the arsenic contained in the chemical weapons. In the environment, these abandoned chemical agents are easily hydrolyzed and oxidized into diphenylarsinic acid (DPAA), rather stable in structure, and other organoarsenic compounds. So far, DPAA has been detected in quite a number of the areas where these chemical weapons were dumped. The detection has aroused extensive concerns because the presence of DPAA may bring about environmental and health risks. Scholars both at home and abroad have already begun doing some researches, trying to find ways to analyze DPAA in the soil and water environments, determine their status and behaviors and remedy the polluted environments. However, few have done any to summarize systematically progresses in the research. In this paper, a review is presented to introduce some high-effect inorganic and organic extractants and GC as well as LC analytical methods for DPAA in the soil, and sources and status of the pollutant in the soil-water environments. Generally speaking, the DPAA contaminated areas are located mainly in Northeast China, and South and Southeast Japan. Especially in the chemical weapons dumping sites, the concentration of total arsenic is far beyond the criteria for safety. At the same time, the paper also discusses how DPAA is adsorbed/desorbed, translocated and transformed in the soil-water environment, what are the factors affecting the processes and what are the mechanisms. Studies in the past reported that the adsorption/desorption of DPAA in soil was controlled by a variety of factors, including pH, inorganic ions, Fe/Al oxides, organic matter, redox potential (Eh), etc. and adsorption of the substance was completed via ligand exchange reactions between hydroxyl groups of Fe/Al oxides and arsenate of DPAA, rather than the hydrophilic effect of organic matter; the effective transformation of DPAA in the soil occurred under flooded anaerobic conditions, and under sulfate-reducing conditions, in particular; and iron reduction and sulfate reduction were the two key factors controlling desorption and transformation of DPAA. In the end, the paper elaborates the physical, chemical and biological technologies available for remediation of DPAA contaminated soil-water environments, and their remediation efficiency, controlling factors and mechanisms as well. In terms of physic-chemical remediation, application of activated carbon, Fenton and Fenton-like oxidation and photochemical degradation has been demonstrated to be able to effectively remove DPAA in soil-water environments. In terms of bioremediation, certain progresses have been made, like screening of highly efficient DPAA degrading bacteria, unfolding microbial remediation and combined microbial-phytoremediation and previewing directions of the future researches. The paper holds that all the relevant research findings will serve as theoretical reference for future in-depth studies on DPAA pollution of soil-water environments, remediation of DPAA polluted environments, and protection of environmental quality and human health from DPAA pollution. For further researches, emphases should be laid on the following aspects: (1) To perfect quality assurance and quality control system for DPAA analytical methods, with focus on development of standard alternatives, purgation of internal standards and markers; (2) To launch investigations on scope and extent of DPAA contamination, while taking into the consideration of geographical locations, soil types and land-use patterns of the chemical weapon burial sites; (3) To explore forms of DPAA bonding with soil colloids, clay minerals and oxides in the soil and molecular binding mechanisms, and elucidate the mechanisms responsible for adsorption/desorption, translocation and transformation of DPAA in multi-media environment and at microscopic interfaces; (4) To explore for develop new remediation materials, intensify researches on physic-chemical-phyto combined remediation and continue to screen out highly efficient DPAA degrading bacteria and probe mechanisms of their effectiveness at molecular as well as genetic levels, while integrating genetic engineering, molecular biology with phytoremediation technologies, so as to eventually establish a bioremediation technical system applicable to DPAA contaminated media different in type and condition.
Key words:  Diphenylarsinic acid (DPAA)  Soil-water environmental pollution  Extraction and determination  Adsorption/desorption  Translocation and transformation  Physico-chemico/bio-remediation