引用本文:王亚男,许 静,郝利君,刁风伟,张璟霞,丁胜利,史中奇,贾冰冰,郭 伟.修复剂对镉污染盐渍化土壤植物修复效率的影响[J].土壤学报,2021,58(2):464-475. DOI:10.11766/trxb201910160478
WANG Yanan,XU Jing,HAO Lijun,DIAO Fengwei,ZHANG Jingxia,DING Shengli,SHI Zhongqi,JIA Bingbing,GUO Wei.Effects of Soil Remediation Agents on the Phytoremediation Efficiency of Cadmium-Polluted Salinized Soil[J].Acta Pedologica Sinica,2021,58(2):464-475. DOI:10.11766/trxb201910160478
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修复剂对镉污染盐渍化土壤植物修复效率的影响
王亚男, 许 静, 郝利君, 刁风伟, 张璟霞, 丁胜利, 史中奇, 贾冰冰, 郭 伟
内蒙古大学生态与环境学院, 蒙古高原生态学与资源利用教育部重点实验室, 内蒙古自治区环境污染控制与废物资源化重点实验室, 呼和浩特 010021
摘要:
目前,重金属污染盐渍化土壤已成为世界性的环境问题,利用盐生植物进行修复具有良好的环境与经济效益,但如何提高盐生植物修复效率的研究尚较少。采用盆栽试验方法,通过向土壤中施加氯化钠和氯化镉溶液分别模拟无污染非盐渍化土壤(Cd0S0)、NaCl型盐渍化土壤(Cd0S4)、重金属Cd污染土壤(Cd3S0)、重金属Cd污染NaCl型盐渍化土壤(Cd3S4),研究施加乙二胺四乙酸(EDTA)和生物质炭对盐地碱蓬生长、离子平衡、Cd和Na+吸收的影响。结果显示,与Cd0S0相比,Cd0S4处理盐地碱蓬地上部干物质量显著增加115.5%~341.7%;与Cd0S4相比,Cd3S4处理盐地碱蓬地上部干物质量显著降低62.8%~84.4%,生物质炭使Cd3S0处理盐地碱蓬总干物质量显著增加328.6%。与Cd0S0或Cd3S0相比,Cd0S4和Cd3S4处理盐地碱蓬地上部及根部K+/Na+、Ca2+/Na+、P/Na+显著降低;生物质炭显著增加了Cd3S0处理盐地碱蓬地上部P/Na+和根部K+/Na+、P/Na+。与Cd0S4相比,Cd3S4处理盐地碱蓬地上部和根部Na+浓度显著增加32.5%~94.5%,而盐地碱蓬地上部和根部Na+含量显著降低21.3%~90.9%;与Cd3S0相比,Cd3S4处理盐地碱蓬地上部Cd浓度和含量分别显著增加135.8%~223.6%和132.4%~471.5%。施加EDTA和生物质炭使Cd3S4处理盐地碱蓬地上部Na+浓度显著增加38.6%、56.0%,Na+含量增加199.6%、289.3%,Cd含量显著增加133.4%、173.4%。研究表明,在Cd污染NaCl型盐渍化土壤中施用EDTA和生物质炭可促进盐地碱蓬地上部对Cd和Na+的吸收积累,有助于提高植物修复效率,可为重金属污染盐渍化土壤修复提供基础数据和科学依据。
关键词:    盐渍化土壤  乙二胺四乙酸  生物质炭  盐地碱蓬
基金项目:国家自然科学基金项目(41977113,31860170)和内蒙古自然科学基金项目(2018MS04003)资助
Effects of Soil Remediation Agents on the Phytoremediation Efficiency of Cadmium-Polluted Salinized Soil
WANG Yanan, XU Jing, HAO Lijun, DIAO Fengwei, ZHANG Jingxia, DING Shengli, SHI Zhongqi, JIA Bingbing, GUO Wei
Inner Mongolia Key Laboratory of Environmental Pollution Control and Waste Resource Recycle, Ministry of Education Key Laboratory of Ecology and Resource Use of the Mongolian Plateau, School of Ecology and Environment, Inner Mongolia University, Hohhot 010021, China
Abstract:
[Objective] With accelerated urbanization, industrial development and excessive utilization of agricultural chemicals, the globe has witnessed soils in a number of regions or areas being salinized and polluted with heavy metals simultaneously. At present, heavy metal-polluted salinized soil has become a worldwide environmental problem. Phytoremediation of heavy metal-polluted salinized soil with halophytes demonstrates benign environmental and good economic benefits. However, little can be found in the literature about how to improve the efficiency of soil remediation with halophytes. The present research is to investigate effects of two remediation agents on remediation of heavy metal-polluted salinized soil with halophytes.[Method] A pot experiment was carried out in greenhouse under natural light. Halophyte Suaeda Salsa was selected as the test plant in the experiment. Four types of soils were simulated by amending the soil with sodium chloride and cadmium chloride solutions separately into 1) soil Cd0S0(0 mg·kg-1Cd and 0 g·kg-1NaCl); 2)Soil Cd0S4(0 mg·kg-1Cd and 4 g·kg-1NaCl); 3)Soil Cd3S0 (3 mg·kg-1Cd and 0 g·kg-1NaCl)and 4)Soil Cd3S4(3 mg·kg-1Cd and 4 g·kg-1NaCl). The experiment was laid out in a 2×2×3-factor randomized complete block design(0 and 3 mg·kg-1Cd; 0 and 4 g·kg-1NaCl; 0 and 4 mmol·kg-1 ethylene diamine tetraacetic acid (EDTA) and 15 g·kg-1biochar). The aim of the experiment was to investigate effects of EDTA and biochar on growth, ion balance, and Cd and Na+ uptake and accumulation of the Suaeda salsa grown in cadmium-polluted sodium chloride salinized soil.[Result] Results show that dry weight of Suaeda salsa shoot was 115.5%-341.7% higher in Treatment Cd0S4 than in Treatment Cd0S0, but 62.8%-84.4% lower in Treatment Cd3S4 than in Treatment Cd0S4. With application of biochar, total dry weight of the Suaeda salsa increased significantly by 328.6% in Treatment Cd3S0. K+/Na+, Ca2+/Na+ and P/Na+ ratios in shoot and root of the Suaeda salsa decreased significantly in Treatments Cd0S4 and Cd3S4 as compared to that in Treatment Cd0S0 or Cd3S0. Application of biochar increased significantly P/Na+ ratio in shoot and K+/Na+ and P/Na+ ratios in root of the Suaeda salsa in Treatment Cd3S0. Na+ concentration in shoot and root of the Suaeda salsa increased significantly by 32.5%-94.5%, while Na+ content in shoot and root of the Suaeda salsa decreased significantly by 21.3%-90.9% in Treatment Cd3S4 as compared to that in Treatment Cd0S4. Cd concentration and content in shoot of the Suaeda salsa increased significantly by 135.8%-223.6% and 132.4%-471.5%, respectively, in Treatment Cd3S4 compared to that in Treatment Cd3S0. Application of EDTA and biochar increased significantly Na+ concentration by 38.6% and 56.0%, Na+ content by 199.6% and 289.3%, and Cd content by 133.4% and 173.4% in shoot of the Suaeda salsa in Treatment Cd3S4, respectively.[Conclusion] Results suggest that applications of EDTA and biochar significantly promote uptake and accumulation of Cd and Na+ in shoot of the Suaeda salsa grown in cadmium-polluted sodium chloride salinizd soil and improve efficiency of the phytoremediation of heavy metal-polluted salinized soil. All the findings in the research may provide certain basic data and a scientific basis for remediation of heavy metal-polluted salinized soil.
Key words:  Cadmium  Salinizd soil  EDTA  Biochar  Suaeda salsa