引用本文:葛 峰,徐坷坷,刘爱萍,张可桂,云晶晶,张爱国.国外土壤环境基准研究进展及对中国的启示[J].土壤学报,2021,58(2):331-343. DOI:10.11766/trxb201911180614
GE Feng,XU Keke,LIU Aiping,ZHANG Kegui,YUN Jingjing,ZHANG Aiguo.Progress of the Research on Soil Environmental Criteria in Other Countries and Its Enlightenment to China[J].Acta Pedologica Sinica,2021,58(2):331-343. DOI:10.11766/trxb201911180614
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国外土壤环境基准研究进展及对中国的启示
葛 峰1,2, 徐坷坷1,2, 刘爱萍1, 张可桂1,2, 云晶晶1,2, 张爱国1
1.生态环境部南京环境科学研究所, 南京 210042;2.南京国环环境研究院有限公司, 南京 210042
摘要:
综述了国外土壤环境基准的发展历程、研究体系及技术方法,结合中国土壤环境基准领域的研究现状及发展需求进行综合分析,提出了我国土壤环境基准发展“三步走”战略:1)建立适合我国基本国情的、有充分科学依据的土壤环境基准制定理论与方法体系,引导相关人员有序开展基于我国土壤类型及其分布、土地利用方式、人群特征及本土化物种特征的基准研究工作;2)基于代表性土壤类型,开展一批典型污染物的土壤环境基准建议值研究工作,发展一批能够支撑国家发展需要的环境基准重点实验室,并逐步建成和完善国家土壤环境基准基础数据共享与应用平台;3)形成一套完整的土壤环境基准研究体系,为我国土壤环境标准体系建设、土壤污染风险防控和土壤环境损害评估等工作提供科学支撑。
关键词:  土壤环境基准  发展方向  本土化研究  体系建设
基金项目:国家环境基准管理项目(2023011002)资助
Progress of the Research on Soil Environmental Criteria in Other Countries and Its Enlightenment to China
GE Feng1,2, XU Keke1,2, LIU Aiping1, ZHANG Kegui1,2, YUN Jingjing1,2, ZHANG Aiguo1
1.Nanjing Institute of Environmental Science, MEE, Nanjing 210042, China;2.Nanjing Guohuan Institute of Environmental Research CO. LTD, Nanjing 210042, China
Abstract:
This paper reviewed the development course, research system, as well as technical methods of the researchers on soil environmental criteria in other countries, in combination with synthetical analysis of the status and development needs of the research on soil environmental criteria of China. A "three-step" strategy for development of soil environmental criteria of China was brought up, consisting of 1) to set up a theoretic and methodologic system that suited to the fundamental reality of the country and had a sufficient scientific basis of formulating soil environmental criteria; and to guide relevant personnel to unfold orderly researches on the criteria in light of soil types and their distribution, land use patterns, as well as characteristics of the population and indigenous species in China; 2) to launch a study on values to be suggested for soil environmental criteria for a group of typical pollutants based on the soils types typical of the country, to develop some key laboratories capable of supporting the nation in its development of soil environmental criteria, and gradually to build up and perfect a national fundamental data sharing and application platform for soil environmental criteria; and 3) to form a complete system for research of criteria, with a view to providing scientific support to the development of a soil quality standard system, the prevention and control of soil contamination risks, and the identification and assessment of damages of the soil environment, etc.
Key words:  Soil environmental criteria  Research orientation  Localized study  System construction