引用本文:梁林洲,陈 香,胡文友,李晓鹏,马 菲,沈仁芳.中国土壤环境监测装备领域专利情报分析[J].土壤学报,2021,58(2):433-444. DOI:10.11766/trxb201912260687
LIANG Linzhou,CHEN Xiang,HU Wenyou,LI Xiaopeng,MA Fei,SHEN Renfang.Analysis of Patents on Soil Environmental Monitoring Equipment in China[J].Acta Pedologica Sinica,2021,58(2):433-444. DOI:10.11766/trxb201912260687
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中国土壤环境监测装备领域专利情报分析
梁林洲,陈 香,胡文友,李晓鹏,马 菲,沈仁芳
1.土壤与农业可持续发展国家重点实验室(中国科学院南京土壤研究所), 南京, 210008;2.中国科学院土壤环境与污染修复重点实验室(中国科学院南京土壤研究所), 南京 210008
摘要:
土壤环境动态数据可为农业可持续发展和环境管理决策提供科学依据。研发成本低、性能稳定且精度高的土壤监测装备是实现土壤数据快速获取的关键。基于incoPat科技创新情报平台,检索了2000年至2019年期间国内外土壤环境监测装备的专利产出,对专利申请数量、技术构成、区域分布、主要申请人、法律状态等方面进行了分析,以揭示中国土壤环境监测装备领域的研发状况、技术发展趋势和产学研合作情况。结果表明,近年来,中国土壤环境监测装备领域专利数量急剧增加;土壤监测指标从土壤肥力指标向污染物和生物监测指标拓展,结合现代信息技术等新兴技术发展智能化的原位监测装备正在发展,新的研发充分考虑了定性与定量的结合;我国在土壤环境监测装备领域的专利申请人多隶属高校和科研院所,企业参与度较低。综上,土壤污染物和生物指标的监测已成为焦点,生物和信息新技术成果正逐步引入土壤环境监测设备的开发;中国在土壤环境监测装备领域的产学研合作研发亟需加强。
关键词:  土壤  环境监测  技术与装备  专利分析  发展趋势
基金项目:国家重点研发计划专项(2016YFD0200302,2017YFF0108201)和国家自然科学基金项目(41877021)资助
Analysis of Patents on Soil Environmental Monitoring Equipment in China
LIANG Linzhou1,2, CHEN Xiang1,2, HU Wenyou3, LI Xiaopeng1,2, MA Fei1,2, SHEN Renfang1,2
1.State Key Laboratory of Soil &2.Sustainable Agriculture, Institute of Soil Science, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Nanjing 210008, China;3.Key Laboratory of Soil Environment and Pollution Remediation, Institute of Soil Science, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Nanjing 210008, China
Abstract:
[Objective] Dynamic data of soil environment can be used as a scientific basis for decision-making in the field of sustainable agriculture and environmental management. Research and development (R&D) of soil monitoring equipment, low in cost, stable in performance and high in precision, is the key to rapid collection of soil data.[Method] Based on the incoPat, a technology innovation information platform, retrievals were made of output of patents on soil environmental monitoring equipment at home and abroad during 2000-2019, for analysis of number of applications, technology composition, regional distribution, major applicants, legal status, etc. of the patents, in an attempt to reveal R & D status, technology development trends and industry-university-research cooperations in the field of soil environmental monitoring equipment in China.[Result] Results indicate that in recent years, the number of patents has been increasing significantly in China. Soil indices being monitored have extended from soil fertility to pollutants and biological ones. Intelligent in-situ monitoring equipment is being developed in combination with emerging technologies such as modern information technology, and integration of qualitative and quantitative is fully considered in the new R&D. At present, most of the patent applicants in this aspect in China are universities and scientific research institutions, participation of enterprises is relatively lower in degree.[Conclusion] Monitoring of soil pollutants and biological indicators have become a focus, and novel technological achievements in the fields of biology and information science are being introduced into the development of soil monitoring equipment. In China, the industry-university-research cooperation in this field needs to be strengthened urgently.
Key words:  Soil  Environmental monitoring  Technology and equipment  Patent analysis  Development trend