引用本文:史志华,刘前进,张含玉,王 玲,黄 萱,方怒放,岳紫健.近十年土壤侵蚀与水土保持研究进展与展望[J].土壤学报,2020,57(5):1117-1127. DOI:10.11766/trxb202002240070
SHI Zhihua,LIU Qianjin,ZHANG Hanyu,WANG Ling,HUANG Xuan,FANG Nufang,YUE Zijian.Study on soil erosion and conservation in the past 10 years: Progress and prospects[J].Acta Pedologica Sinica,2020,57(5):1117-1127. DOI:10.11766/trxb202002240070
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近十年土壤侵蚀与水土保持研究进展与展望
史志华1, 刘前进2, 张含玉2, 王 玲1, 黄 萱3, 方怒放4, 岳紫健4
1. 华中农业大学资源与环境学院; 2. 临沂大学资源与环境学院;3. 河海大学农业科学与工程学院;4. 中国科学院水利部水土保持研究所
摘要:
在当今生态文明背景下,土壤侵蚀与水土保持研究迎来了新的发展机遇和挑战。本文首先采用文献计量学方法,定量分析了近10年来国内外土壤侵蚀与水土保持学科发展现状。在此基础上,结合社会需求的变化,阐明了学科发展需求与存在问题。最后,提出了本学科研究的重点领域与方向:水文过程与侵蚀产沙机理,土壤侵蚀过程及其定量模拟,全球变化下土壤侵蚀演变及其灾变机理,社会经济系统—水土流失的互馈过程,以生态功能提升为主的土壤侵蚀防治,以及土壤侵蚀研究新技术与新方法等。
关键词:  土壤侵蚀  水土保持  文献计量  重点研究领域
基金项目:国家杰出青年科学基金项目(41525003)
Study on soil erosion and conservation in the past 10 years: Progress and prospects
SHI Zhihua1,LIU Qianjin2, ZHANG Hanyu2, WANG Ling1, HUANG Xuan3, FANG Nufang4, YUE Zijian
1. College of Resources﹠Environment of Huazhong Agricultural University; 2. College of Resources and Environment, Linyi University; 3. College of Agricultural Science and Engineering, Hohai University; 4. Institute of Soil and Water Conservation, Chinese Academy of Sciences
Abstract:
Under the background of ecological civilization, soil erosion and conservation face new opportunities and challenges nowadays. We employed a bibliometric analysis on the research of soil erosion and conservation in the past ten years. The results summarized the research tendency and hotspots, and presented China's main achievements and international status in this field. Considering social needs, we pointed out the main existing problems for scientific researches on soil erosion and conservation. Then, we identified the front scientific issues, including the coupling mechanisms of hydrology and soil erosion, the soil erosion process and modeling, the soil erosion evolution and its catastrophic mechanism under global change, the mutual feedback between socio-economy and soil erosion, the soil conservation for ecological function improvement, and the new technologies and methods for soil erosion research.
Key words:  Soil erosion  Soil conservation  Bibliometric  Key research issues